What Was Life Like for Ancient Greece Children?

In ancient Greece, the lives of children were quite different from what we experience today. Let’s take a closer look at what life was like for ancient Greek children.

Education and Upbringing


Education was highly valued in ancient Greece, but it was primarily reserved for boys. Girls, on the other hand, received little formal education and were mainly taught basic household skills by their mothers.

Physical Upbringing:

Ancient Greek children, both boys and girls, were raised in a tight-knit family unit. They learned important values such as respect for authority and discipline from their parents. Outdoor activities played a significant role in their upbringing as physical fitness was highly regarded.

Playtime and Toys


  • Ancient Greek children played with a wide variety of toys made from various materials like wood, clay, or cloth.
  • Dolls were popular among girls while boys enjoyed playing with miniature warriors or animals.
  • Balls made from animal bladders filled with air or feathers were commonly used for outdoor games.


  • Ancient Greek children participated in various games that promoted physical fitness and agility.
  • Pottery shards served as early board game pieces while popular outdoor games included tag and wrestling.

Rights and Responsibilities


  • Ancient Greek children had limited rights compared to adults. However, they were entitled to protection under the law.
  • Boys had more privileges than girls, including the right to an education and the ability to inherit property.


  • Children were expected to respect their parents and elders.
  • Girls were typically responsible for household chores while boys helped with farming, herding animals, or learning a trade.

Clothing and Appearance


Ancient Greek children wore simple clothing made from lightweight fabrics. Boys wore a tunic called a chiton while girls wore a peplos, which was a loose-fitting dress.


  • Ancient Greek children had long hair until they reached adolescence when boys would have their hair cut short as a sign of growing up.
  • Both boys and girls typically went barefoot, with sandals being reserved for special occasions or for protection during harsh weather conditions.


In ancient Greece, the lives of children revolved around education, playtime, responsibilities, and adherence to societal customs. While there were differences between boys and girls in terms of rights and responsibilities, both genders received an upbringing that emphasized physical fitness, discipline, and respect. Understanding the lives of ancient Greek children gives us valuable insights into the culture and values of this fascinating civilization.