What Was Macedonia Called in Ancient Times?

Macedonia, a region in the northern part of Greece, has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The region has been inhabited since prehistoric times and has been home to many different cultures and civilizations throughout its history. In this article, we will explore what Macedonia was called in ancient times.

The Early History of Macedonia

The earliest known inhabitants of Macedonia were the ancient Macedonians, who were a tribe of people that lived in the region during the Bronze Age. The Macedonians were known for their military prowess and their kingdom eventually grew to become a major power in ancient Greece.

The Kingdom of Macedon

During the 4th century BC, the Kingdom of Macedon, led by Alexander the Great’s father Philip II, became one of the most powerful empires in the world. The kingdom extended from modern-day Greece into parts of present-day Bulgaria and Turkey.

The Name “Macedonia”

The name “Macedonia” comes from the ancient Greek word “Makedonía,” which means “land of the tall people.” The ancient Macedonians were known for their height and strength, so this name was fitting for their homeland.

Other Names for Macedonia

Throughout its history, Macedonia has been referred to by many different names. In ancient times, it was sometimes referred to as “Emathia” or “Macedonia Emathia,” which was a reference to one of its early rulers named Emathus.

The Roman Era

During the Roman era, Macedonia became an important province within the Roman Empire. It was often referred to as “Macedonia Prima” or “First Macedonia” to distinguish it from other nearby regions that also had ties to ancient Macedonia.


In conclusion, Macedonia has been called many different names throughout its long and storied history. From the ancient Greek “Makedonía” to the Roman “Macedonia Prima,” the region has played an important role in shaping the history and culture of the Mediterranean world. Today, it is known as North Macedonia, a sovereign country that gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.