What Was One of the Biggest Cities in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was home to many great cities, each with its own unique culture, history, and architecture. However, one of the biggest and most influential cities in ancient Greece was Athens.

Athens – The Cradle of Western Civilization

Located in Attica, Athens is known as the birthplace of democracy and the cradle of Western civilization. The city-state emerged as a major power during the fifth century BCE, also known as the Golden Age of Athens. During this period, Athens became a center for art, philosophy, literature, and science.

The Acropolis

One of the most iconic landmarks in Athens is the Acropolis. This ancient citadel sits atop a rocky hill overlooking the city and is home to some of Greece’s most important historical structures such as the Parthenon, Erechtheion, Propylaea, and Temple of Athena Nike.

Fun Fact: The word “Acropolis” comes from two Greek words: “akros,” meaning high or topmost, and “polis,” meaning city. Together they mean “highest point in the city.”


Another important site in ancient Athens was the Agora. This was a large open space that served as a marketplace and meeting place for citizens. Here people would come to buy goods or attend political assemblies.

Theatre of Dionysus

Theatre played an important role in ancient Athenian culture. The Theatre of Dionysus was located on the southern slope of the Acropolis and could seat up to 17,000 spectators. It was here that famous playwrights such as Sophocles and Euripides premiered their plays.

  • The first theatre in Athens was built around 500 BCE
  • The Theatre of Dionysus underwent several renovations throughout the years
  • The theatre was dedicated to Dionysus, the god of wine, fertility, and theatre

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games were another important aspect of ancient Greek culture. The games were held every four years in Olympia and were dedicated to Zeus, the king of the gods. Athletes from all over Greece would compete in events such as running, wrestling, and boxing.

Fun Fact: Women were not allowed to participate in the ancient Olympic Games. However, they had their own athletic competitions called Heraean Games which were held in Olympia.

In Conclusion

Athens was undeniably one of the biggest and most influential cities in ancient Greece. Its legacy can still be felt today through its architecture, art, philosophy, and democracy. Visiting Athens today gives you a glimpse into this ancient city’s rich history and culture.