What Was Persian Gulf Called in Ancient Times?

The Persian Gulf has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. It has played a significant role in the development of human civilization.

However, what was the Persian Gulf called in ancient times? Let’s explore the name and history of this iconic body of water.

The Name “Persian Gulf”

The name “Persian Gulf” is relatively modern and has been used for less than a century. Before that, it was known by different names throughout history.

In ancient times, it was known as the “Gulf of Pars” or the “Sea of Pars.” The word “Pars” refers to the region now known as Iran.

Other Historical Names

Over time, the Persian Gulf has been referred to by different names by various civilizations. For example, in Greek literature, it was called the “Sinus Persicus,” which means “Persian Bay.” The Arab geographers referred to it as the “Khalij Fars,” which translates to “Gulf of Fars.”

The Importance of the Persian Gulf in Ancient Times

The Persian Gulf has played a vital role in ancient times due to its strategic location. It served as a vital trade route between Asia and Europe, with ships carrying goods such as spices, silk, and precious stones passing through its waters.

Ancient Civilizations around The Persian Gulf

Many civilizations have flourished around the Persian Gulf for centuries. These include Mesopotamia (now Iraq), Elam (now Iran), and Dilmun (now Bahrain). These civilizations were known for their advanced culture and trade practices.


In conclusion, while today we know it as the Persian Gulf, this iconic body of water has been known by many different names throughout history. From Greek literature to Arab geographers and beyond, this strategically located waterway has been a vital trade route for centuries. Its rich history and importance to human civilization make it a fascinating subject for exploration and study.