What Was School Called in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, education was highly valued and considered an essential part of a person’s life. It was believed that education was the key to a successful and fulfilling life.

The ancient Greeks had different names for their schools, which were distinct from modern-day schools. Let’s take a closer look at what schools were called in ancient Greece.

What Was School Called in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, there were two types of schools: the Gymnasium and the Paideia.

The Gymnasium

The Gymnasium was a school where boys received physical education and training in sports. It was also a place for socializing, where boys would learn about politics and society from their peers and teachers.

The word “Gymnasium” comes from the Greek word “gymnós,” which means “naked.” This is because the students would exercise and train in the nude.

The Paideia

The Paideia was an educational institution that provided a more formal education to both boys and girls. This type of school focused on intellectual development, including reading, writing, mathematics, science, music, and philosophy. The word “Paideia” comes from the Greek word “paîs,” which means “child.”

Structure of Education in Ancient Greece

Education in ancient Greece was structured differently than it is today. Schooling began at around the age of seven and lasted until around the age of 14 for most children. Boys attended school while girls were educated at home by their mothers or female slaves.

The curriculum at both types of schools included physical education, music lessons, poetry recitation, reading, writing, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, history lessons on famous Greeks such as Homer or Alexander the Great.

The Importance of Education in Ancient Greece

Education was highly valued in ancient Greece, and it was believed that a well-educated person was more likely to be successful in life. Education was not just for the elite, but for all citizens, including slaves. It was thought that education would improve the individual and make them better citizens.

Conclusion

In conclusion, schools in ancient Greece were called the Gymnasium and Paideia. The Gymnasium focused on physical education and socialization while the Paideia provided a more formal education in intellectual development. Education was highly valued in ancient Greece, and it was believed that it would lead to success and improve society as a whole.