What Was Sweden Called in Ancient Times?

If you have ever wondered what Sweden was called in ancient times, this article is for you. Sweden is a country that has a rich history that dates back to the Viking Age and even earlier. In this article, we will explore the different names that Sweden was known by in ancient times.

The Land of the Svear

Sweden was originally known as the land of the Svear, which was an ancient Germanic tribe that lived in the area. The term “Svear” means “people of the Swede,” and it is believed that they were one of the largest tribes in Scandinavia during the Iron Age. The Svear were known for their military prowess and their ability to adapt to different environments.


During the Middle Ages, Sweden was known as Gothia. This name comes from the Goths, who were a Germanic tribe that migrated to Scandinavia during the 3rd century AD.

The Goths were known for their architecture, art, and military might. They had a significant impact on Swedish culture and language.


The modern name for Sweden is Sverige, which means “the realm of the Swedes.” This name first appeared in written records during the 14th century and became more widely used during the 16th century. The name reflects Sweden’s identity as a nation-state with a distinct culture and language.


In conclusion, Sweden has been known by several different names throughout its history. From being called “the land of the Svear” to “Gothia” and finally settling on its current name “Sverige,” each name reflects a unique aspect of Swedish culture and history. Understanding these names can give us a deeper appreciation for Sweden’s past and present identity as a country with a rich cultural heritage.