What Was Switzerland Called in Ancient Times?

Switzerland is a beautiful country located in the heart of Europe. It is known for its majestic mountains, lush green valleys, and crystal-clear lakes.

But have you ever wondered what Switzerland was called in ancient times? Let’s dive into the history of Switzerland and find out.

The Name Game

Switzerland has a rich and diverse history that dates back to ancient times. The name “Switzerland” is relatively modern, dating back to the 16th century. Before that, the country was known by different names depending on who was ruling it at the time.

The Helvetians

In ancient times, Switzerland was inhabited by a Celtic tribe called the Helvetians. They were one of the most powerful tribes in Europe and controlled much of what is now modern-day Switzerland. The Romans conquered the Helvetians in 15 BC and named the area “Helvetia.”

The Roman Province

After conquering Helvetia, the Romans turned it into a province and named it “Provincia Romana.” This name remained until the fall of Rome in 476 AD.

The Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Switzerland was divided into small territories ruled by local lords. Each territory had its own name, such as Burgundy, Savoy, and Alemannia.

The Confederation

In 1291, three small territories joined together to form an alliance for mutual protection against outside threats. This alliance became known as “Eidgenossenschaft,” which means “oath fellowship” in German. Over time, more territories joined this alliance until it became what is now known as Switzerland.


In conclusion, Switzerland has gone through various names over its long history. From Helvetia to Provincia Romana to Eidgenossenschaft to Switzerland, it has seen many changes. However, one thing that has remained constant is its beauty and charm, making it a popular tourist destination today.