What Was Syria Called in Ancient Times?

Syria is a country located in the Middle East region of Western Asia. It is bordered by Lebanon to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

The country has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. In ancient times, Syria was known by various names.

What Was Syria Called in Ancient Times?

Syria has been called by different names throughout its history. Here are some of the names it was known by:


Aram was an ancient region located in what is now modern-day Syria. It was known for its fertile land and strategic location.

The Arameans were known for their trade and commerce. They established several city-states such as Damascus, Hama, and Aleppo.


Assyria was an ancient empire that extended from what is now modern-day Iraq to parts of Syria and Turkey. It was known for its military might and advanced civilization. The Assyrians conquered many kingdoms and established their rule over them.


Phoenicia was an ancient civilization that existed along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It included parts of what is now modern-day Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. The Phoenicians were known for their seafaring skills and trade.


The name “Syria” comes from the Greek word “Syrioi,” which means “people of the rising sun.” It was used by the Greeks to refer to the region that is now modern-day Syria.

The Importance of Ancient Syria

Ancient Syria played a significant role in shaping world history. It was located at a crossroads between Asia, Europe, and Africa, making it a hub for trade and commerce. Many civilizations, such as the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans, fought for control over Syria.

Syria was also home to some of the world’s oldest civilizations. The city of Damascus, for example, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It has a rich cultural heritage that dates back thousands of years.


In conclusion, Syria has been called by different names throughout its history. Each name represents a different civilization that left its mark on the region.

Ancient Syria played a crucial role in shaping world history and continues to do so today. Its rich cultural heritage is a source of pride for its people and an inspiration for others around the world.