What Was the Average Lifespan in Primitive Ancient Times?

In primitive ancient times, the average lifespan was considerably shorter than it is today. While it’s difficult to determine exact numbers, scholars and historians have estimated that the average lifespan during this period ranged from 20 to 35 years.

The factors that contributed to this shorter lifespan were many. Poor sanitation and hygiene practices, limited access to medical treatment, and harsh living conditions were just a few of the challenges people faced in ancient times.

Despite these challenges, humans managed to survive and thrive, adapting to their environments as best they could. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what life was like for our early ancestors.

What Was Life Like for Early Humans?

Early humans lived in small communities or tribes and were nomadic, moving from place to place in search of food and water. They depended on hunting wild animals and gathering fruits, nuts, and other plants for sustenance.

Their living conditions were basic; they lived in caves or makeshift shelters made of animal skins or branches. These shelters provided little protection from the elements or predators such as wolves and bears.

The Challenges of Primitive Living

Life was not easy for early humans; they faced numerous challenges every day. One of the biggest challenges was staying alive. Disease was rampant due to poor sanitation practices, lack of clean drinking water, and exposure to pathogens from animals.

Another challenge was finding food; hunting wild animals took skill and patience, while gathering fruits and plants required knowledge of which ones were safe to eat.

Living conditions were also challenging; early humans had no heating or cooling systems and relied on fire for warmth and light at night.

The Evolution of Human Lifespan

Over time, humans began to develop new technologies that improved their living conditions. Agriculture allowed people to settle in one place instead of constantly moving around in search of food.

Improved sanitation practices such as sewage systems and clean drinking water helped prevent the spread of disease. Medical treatments such as vaccines and antibiotics also helped to increase lifespan.


In conclusion, the average lifespan in primitive ancient times was considerably shorter than it is today. Early humans faced numerous challenges every day, from finding food to staying alive in harsh living conditions.

However, over time, humans developed new technologies and medical treatments that improved their quality of life and increased their lifespan. Today, the average lifespan is much longer than it was in ancient times due to these advancements.