What Was the Best Ancient Civilization for Women?

When we think about ancient civilizations, we usually picture a world dominated by men. However, history tells us that women played significant roles in various societies throughout the ages.

So, which ancient civilization was the best for women? Let’s take a closer look.

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt is often cited as one of the most progressive societies when it comes to women’s rights. Women had the right to own property and could even inherit from their parents. They were also able to divorce their husbands and remarry without any stigma attached.

One of the most famous female rulers in history was Cleopatra, who ruled Egypt in the first century BCE. She was known for her intelligence and strategic thinking and managed to maintain power in a male-dominated world.

Ancient Greece

In contrast to Egypt, Ancient Greece was not known for its progressive attitudes towards women. Women were confined to the home and had very few rights outside of domestic duties.

However, there were exceptions. The city-state of Sparta allowed women to receive physical training alongside men, which was unheard of at that time. This gave Spartan women a level of independence and physical strength that was not seen in other Greek societies.

Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome saw an improvement in women’s rights compared to Greece but still fell short of the standards set by Egypt. Women were allowed some legal rights such as owning property and making business transactions.

One notable woman from ancient Rome was Empress Livia, wife of Emperor Augustus. She held significant influence over her husband and used her power to shape Roman politics.


All three ancient civilizations had their unique perspectives on women’s roles in society, but it’s clear that Ancient Egypt provided more opportunities for women compared to Greece or Rome. While there are still many unanswered questions about how things really were for women during that time, it’s important to recognize and appreciate the progress that was made.

Overall, it’s fascinating to look back and see how different societies viewed women and how those attitudes shaped their roles in society. It’s a reminder of how far we’ve come and how much work still needs to be done to achieve true gender equality.