What Was the Cleanest Ancient Civilization?

Throughout history, there have been several civilizations that have left their mark on the world. From the Egyptians to the Greeks, each civilization had its unique culture and practices.

However, one question that often arises is which civilization was the cleanest? Let’s dive into it.

What Does Clean Mean?

Before we get into which ancient civilization was the cleanest, it’s essential to understand what we mean by ‘clean.’ In simple terms, cleanliness refers to maintaining a hygienic environment that is free from dirt, germs, and disease. It includes personal hygiene as well as environmental cleanliness.

Ancient Civilizations and Cleanliness

It’s worth noting that cleanliness was not as critical in ancient times as it is today. Many civilizations did not place a significant emphasis on hygiene and sanitation practices. However, some ancient cultures did follow specific standards of cleanliness.

The Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization, which existed in present-day India and Pakistan from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE, is considered one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations. The people of this civilization had a sophisticated drainage system that included sewers running under their streets. They also had public baths and toilets in their houses.

The Romans

The Romans were famous for their advanced engineering skills. They built aqueducts to transport water from distant sources into cities and towns. Public baths were an essential part of Roman culture, encouraging both personal hygiene and social interaction.

The Greeks

The Greeks believed in maintaining personal hygiene and cleanliness. They took regular baths using olive oil soap and used perfumes to mask body odors. They also believed in keeping their homes clean.


While many ancient civilizations practiced basic hygiene practices like bathing regularly or keeping their homes clean, it’s challenging to determine which one was the cleanest. Each civilization had its unique practices and beliefs about cleanliness.

It’s worth noting that cleanliness is not just a practice of the past; it’s essential in our modern world. By maintaining proper hygiene and sanitation practices, we can prevent the spread of diseases and illnesses.

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water
  • Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces often
  • Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands

By incorporating these habits into our daily routines, we can ensure a cleaner future for ourselves and generations to come.