Turkey is a country steeped in rich history and culture, with a civilization that dates back to ancient times. The name Turkey is relatively modern, but the land and its people have been known by many different names throughout history.
In ancient times, what is now known as Turkey was called Anatolia. The name Anatolia comes from the Greek word “anatole,” which means “east” or “sunrise.” The region was also referred to as Asia Minor, which translates to “smaller Asia.”
Anatolia has been inhabited for thousands of years, and it was home to several ancient civilizations such as the Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, and Persians. These civilizations left behind a rich legacy of art, architecture, literature, and philosophy that continue to influence modern-day Turkey.
One of the most significant ancient civilizations in Anatolia was the Hittites. They were an Indo-European people who established a powerful empire in the region during the Bronze Age.
The Hittites were known for their advanced military tactics and their use of chariots in warfare. They also developed a complex legal code called the Code of Hammurabi.
Another notable civilization in Anatolia was the Lydians. They were famous for their wealth and prosperity due to their control over the gold mines in the region. The Lydians were also credited with inventing coinage, which revolutionized trade and commerce.
Throughout its history, Anatolia has been invaded by various empires such as Alexander the Great’s Macedonian Empire and later by the Roman Empire. During this period, many Greeks settled in Anatolia and brought with them their language and culture.
In 1299 AD, Osman I founded what would become known as the Ottoman Empire in western Anatolia. The Ottomans expanded their empire over several centuries to include parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia.
The Ottoman Empire lasted until the end of World War I when it was dissolved by the victorious Allied powers. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk then founded the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923, which has been a secular democracy ever since.
In conclusion, what is now known as Turkey was called Anatolia in ancient times. The region was home to several ancient civilizations such as the Hittites and Lydians, and it has been invaded by various empires throughout history. Today, Turkey is a modern, democratic country that is proud of its rich history and culture.