What Was the Dark Age in Ancient Greece?

The Dark Age in Ancient Greece, also known as the Greek Dark Ages, is a period in Greek history that lasted from around 1200 BCE to 800 BCE. It is a time of great uncertainty and change, where many of the advancements made during the Mycenaean period were lost. This period was marked by a decline in population, trade, agriculture, and art.

Causes of the Dark Age

There are several theories about what caused the Dark Age. One theory is that it was caused by invasions from foreign tribes such as the Dorians.

Another theory is that it was caused by natural disasters such as earthquakes and droughts. Yet another theory is that it was caused by internal conflict between different Greek states.

The Collapse of Mycenaean Civilization

The Mycenaean civilization was one of the most advanced and powerful civilizations in ancient Greece. They had a system of writing called Linear B, which they used to record their history and keep track of their possessions. They also built impressive palaces and fortifications.

However, towards the end of the Bronze Age, around 1200 BCE, the Mycenaean civilization began to decline. Many of their cities were destroyed or abandoned, and their writing system disappeared. This collapse marked the beginning of the Dark Age.

The Aftermath

During the Dark Age, Greece was divided into small city-states that were often at war with each other. The population declined significantly, and many Greeks migrated to other parts of Europe or Asia Minor.

Despite this turmoil, some advancements were made during this period. The Greeks developed a new form of writing called the Greek alphabet, which they used to record their history and literature. They also improved their farming techniques and began to trade with other cultures.

Conclusion

The Dark Age was a difficult time for the Greeks, marked by a decline in population, trade, agriculture, and art. Yet it was also a time of innovation and change, as the Greeks developed a new form of writing and improved their farming techniques. The Dark Age was a critical turning point in Greek history that ultimately led to the development of classical Greece.