What Was the First City in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is a land of rich history and culture, full of tales about mythological gods, epic battles, and the birthplace of Western civilization. One of the most significant aspects of this ancient civilization was its cities, each with its unique identity and history. But what was the first city in Ancient Greece?

To answer this question, we must delve deep into the past and understand the roots of Greek civilization. According to historical records and archaeological findings, the first city in Ancient Greece was Argos.

The Birthplace of Greek Civilization

Argos is located in the northeastern part of the Peloponnese Peninsula, Greece. It is believed to have been founded around 2000 BC by Inachus, who was considered one of the earliest Greek kings. Argos was a strategic location due to its proximity to fertile lands and access to trade routes.

The Rise of Argos

Argos rose to prominence during the Mycenaean period (1600-1100 BC), where it became a dominant force in southern Greece. The city flourished under the rule of King Perseus, who expanded its borders and established a powerful navy.

During this period, Argos became known for its skilled craftsmen who produced exquisite pottery and jewelry. The city also played a vital role in shaping Greek mythology, as it was believed to be the birthplace of Perseus – one of the most famous heroes in Greek mythology.

The Decline of Argos

While Argos enjoyed prosperity during its early years, it faced several challenges that led to its decline. One significant factor was the invasion by Dorian tribes from northern Greece around 1100 BC.

The Dorians conquered many parts of southern Greece, including Mycenae – another important city in Ancient Greece. This led to a power shift that saw Sparta emerge as a dominant force in the region, while Argos lost its influence.


In conclusion, the first city in Ancient Greece was Argos. It played a significant role in shaping Greek civilization through its skilled craftsmen, strategic location, and contributions to Greek mythology. Although it faced challenges that led to its decline, its legacy lives on as an integral part of Greek history and culture.

  • Key takeaways:
  • Argos was the first city in Ancient Greece
  • It rose to prominence during the Mycenaean period and was known for its skilled craftsmen
  • The invasion by Dorian tribes led to its decline, paving the way for Sparta to become a dominant force