What Was the First Period in World History?

The concept of time-keeping has been a crucial aspect of human civilization since ancient times. One of the most significant measures of time is periods, which are specific intervals in history that represent significant changes or events. The first period in world history is a fascinating topic that has puzzled historians for centuries.

What was the First Period in World History?

The first period in world history is often referred to as the Prehistoric era. This period refers to the time before written records were kept, which dates back to over 5,000 years ago. During this era, early humans lived as hunters and gatherers and relied on natural resources for survival.

The Characteristics of the Prehistoric Era

During the Prehistoric era, humans lived in small groups and were nomadic. They moved from place to place in search of food and water.

They also developed tools made from stone and bone, which helped them hunt animals and build shelters. The use of fire was also prevalent during this period.

The Stone Age

The Stone Age is a sub-period within the Prehistoric era that lasted from around 2 million years ago until approximately 3,000 BCE. It is characterized by the use of stone tools by early humans for hunting animals and cutting plants.

There were three main stages within the Stone Age:

  • The Paleolithic or Old Stone Age (2 million years ago – 10,000 BCE)
  • The Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age (10,000 BCE – 8,000 BCE)
  • The Neolithic or New Stone Age (8,000 BCE – 3,000 BCE)

The Paleolithic or Old Stone Age

This stage saw early humans using crude stone tools such as hand axes and choppers. They also developed language skills and created art forms such as cave paintings and carvings. During this period, humans lived in small groups and relied on hunting and gathering for survival.

The Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age

This stage saw the development of more sophisticated stone tools such as arrowheads and spear points. Humans also began to domesticate animals during this period, which allowed them to settle in one place for longer periods.

The Neolithic or New Stone Age

This stage saw the development of agriculture, which led to a significant change in human society. Humans began to cultivate crops and domesticate animals, leading to the development of permanent settlements. This period also saw the invention of pottery, which was used for storing food and water.

The Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a sub-period that followed the Stone Age and lasted from approximately 3,000 BCE until 1,200 BCE. It is characterized by the use of bronze tools and weapons by early humans.

During this period, humans developed new technologies such as irrigation systems, wheeled vehicles, and writing systems. They also began to trade with other civilizations and developed complex social structures.

The Iron Age

The Iron Age is a sub-period that followed the Bronze Age and lasted from approximately 1,200 BCE until 500 BCE. It is characterized by the use of iron tools and weapons by early humans.

During this period, humans continued to develop new technologies such as iron plows and weapons. They also built large empires such as the Roman Empire and developed sophisticated writing systems.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the first period in world history was the Prehistoric era, which dates back over 5,000 years ago. The Stone Age is a sub-period within this era that lasted from around 2 million years ago until approximately 3,000 BCE.

The Bronze Age followed the Stone Age and lasted from approximately 3,000 BCE until 1,200 BCE. The Iron Age followed the Bronze Age and lasted from approximately 1,200 BCE until 500 BCE.

Understanding these periods in world history is essential to understanding the development of human civilization. These periods represent significant changes and events that have shaped our world today.