What Was the Flag of Ancient Greece?

The flag of Ancient Greece is a symbol that has been cherished for centuries. The design of this flag has a deep and meaningful history, reflecting the culture and values of the people that once inhabited this region. In this article, we will explore the meaning behind the flag of Ancient Greece and its significance in history.

History of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished from around 800 BC to 600 AD. It was known for its advanced philosophy, art, literature, and science. The Greeks were also known for their military prowess and their ability to create powerful empires throughout the Mediterranean world.

The Design of the Flag

The flag of Ancient Greece features a blue background with a white cross in the center. This design is known as the Greek cross or the cross patt̩e. The four arms of the cross are equal in length, representing equality and balance Рtwo important tenets in Greek philosophy.

The blue background represents the sea that surrounds Greece on three sides – Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and Mediterranean Sea. It also symbolizes freedom, as blue is associated with open skies and limitless horizons.

The Meaning Behind the Cross

The Greek cross has been used by several different cultures throughout history. In Ancient Greece, it was often associated with religion as it resembled an anchor or key – both symbols associated with Christianity.

However, some historians believe that it may have also been used as a secret symbol by early Christians who were persecuted by Roman authorities. They would draw this symbol in sand or on walls to indicate a safe place for worship.

Other Symbols Used in Ancient Greece

Apart from the Greek cross, there were other symbols that were commonly used in Ancient Greece:

  • The owl: This bird was associated with Athena – goddess of wisdom and strategy.
  • The dolphin: This sea creature was associated with Apollo – god of music, poetry, and prophecy.
  • The laurel wreath: This was a crown made of leaves from the bay laurel tree and was associated with victory and honor. It was often given to athletes who won in Olympic games.


In conclusion, the flag of Ancient Greece is a powerful symbol that embodies the values and culture of the people who once inhabited this region. Its design has a deep history that reflects the religious and cultural beliefs of the Greeks. The use of symbols such as the Greek cross, owl, dolphin, and laurel wreath adds to the rich history and significance of this flag.