What Was the History of the World?

The history of the world is a vast and complex subject that encompasses the origins of human civilization and the evolution of societies and cultures over time. From prehistoric times to modern-day, there have been countless events, inventions, and discoveries that have shaped our world as we know it today.

Prehistoric Times:
The earliest known human ancestors date back to around 6 million years ago in Africa. These early humans were hunter-gatherers who lived a nomadic lifestyle and relied on natural resources for survival. Over time, these humans evolved into different species such as Homo erectus, Homo neanderthalensis, and eventually Homo sapiens – modern humans.

Ancient Civilization:
Around 4000 BCE, the first civilizations began to emerge in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq). The Sumerians were one of the first civilizations to develop a system of writing known as cuneiform. The Egyptians also developed a system of hieroglyphics which they used to record their history and religious beliefs.

The Classical Era:

From around 500 BCE to 500 CE, the classical era saw the rise of Greek and Roman civilization. The Greeks made significant contributions to philosophy, science, art, and literature with famous figures such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Homer. The Romans developed a sophisticated legal system and built an extensive network of roads which connected their empire.

The Middle Ages:

From around 500 CE to 1500 CE, Europe was dominated by feudalism – a social hierarchy where lords owned land that was worked by peasants who paid tribute in exchange for protection. This era also saw the rise of Christianity as a dominant religion in Europe with the establishment of the Catholic Church.

  • Renaissance Period:

The Renaissance period (14th-17th century) was marked by a renewed interest in classical art, literature, and culture. This era saw the rise of great artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo who created iconic works that are still celebrated today.

The Age of Exploration:

From the 15th to the 18th century, European explorers began to travel around the world in search of new trade routes and resources. This led to the discovery of new lands such as America and Australia and had a significant impact on world history.

The Industrial Revolution:
In the late 18th century, Britain experienced a period of rapid industrialization which saw the development of new technologies such as the steam engine and mass production methods. This revolutionized manufacturing and led to significant social changes.

The Modern Era:
The modern era (20th century onwards) has seen significant global events such as World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. It has also seen incredible advances in science, technology, medicine, and communication that have transformed our world.


The history of the world is a vast subject that encompasses countless events, people, and cultures. From prehistoric times to modern-day, there have been countless developments that have shaped our world. Understanding this history is crucial for understanding where we came from, where we are now, and where we are heading in the future.