What Was the Legacy of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history and cultural contributions that have left a lasting legacy in the world. From philosophy to politics, literature to art, the Greeks have made significant contributions that continue to influence our modern society. Let’s dive deeper into the legacy of Ancient Greece.


Greek philosophy was one of the most significant contributions to Western thought. The early Greek philosophers sought to understand the nature of reality and the universe around them. The most famous philosophers from Ancient Greece include Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Socrates was known for his method of questioning and his belief in pursuing truth and knowledge above all else. Plato expanded on Socrates’ teachings and developed his own philosophy centered around a theory of ideas. Aristotle was a student of Plato’s and focused on empirical observation and logic.


Ancient Greece is also known for its impact on political thought. The Greeks were one of the first societies to develop democratic government systems.

Athens, in particular, is considered the birthplace of democracy as it had a direct form of democracy where citizens could vote directly on laws and policies. This concept has influenced democracies all over the world today.


Greek literature has also had a significant impact on Western culture. The epic poems of Homer, including “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey,” are still studied in schools today. Greek tragedies, such as those written by playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, explored themes such as fate, morality, and justice that continue to resonate with modern audiences.


Greek art was highly influential in shaping Western art history. Greek sculpture emphasized realistic depictions of human anatomy with an emphasis on balance and proportionality. Greek pottery was also highly decorative with intricate patterns adorning each piece.

Science and Mathematics

Ancient Greece also made significant contributions to science and mathematics. The Greeks were some of the first to develop a system of geometry, which is still studied today.

Mathematicians such as Pythagoras and Euclid developed theories that continue to influence modern mathematics. Greek scientists, including Hippocrates, advanced medical knowledge with their studies on human anatomy and disease.


In conclusion, the legacy of Ancient Greece is vast and far-reaching. From philosophy to politics, literature to art, science to mathematics, the Greeks made significant contributions that continue to influence our modern society. Their ideas and concepts have stood the test of time and continue to inspire new generations.