What Was the Main Occupation During Ancient Civilization?

During ancient civilization, the main occupation of people varied depending on the region and time period. However, there were a few common occupations that were prevalent across different civilizations.

One of the most common occupations during ancient civilization was agriculture. People relied heavily on farming to grow crops and rear livestock for their daily sustenance.

The fertile lands near rivers such as the Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates provided ideal conditions for agriculture. Farmers used various tools like plows, sickles, and hoes to cultivate crops like wheat, barley, rice, and maize.

Another significant occupation during ancient civilization was tradespeople. They included artisans such as blacksmiths, potters, weavers, and carpenters who produced goods that were in high demand by the community. These tradespeople usually worked in small groups or guilds and used their skills to create items such as weapons, tools, pottery vessels or textiles.

Merchants also played an essential role in ancient civilizations. They traded goods with other regions or countries for items that they could not produce themselves. This trade helped to develop long-distance transport systems like caravans or ships that allowed merchants to travel great distances safely.

In many societies during ancient times, religious leaders held significant power and influence over people’s lives. Priests performed various religious rituals and ceremonies and acted as intermediaries between the gods or goddesses and ordinary people. They also served as advisors to rulers on matters of governance.

Scribes were highly skilled individuals who could read and write in ancient scripts like cuneiform or hieroglyphics. They played an essential role in maintaining records of trade transactions, legal documents or religious texts.


In conclusion, the main occupations during ancient civilization were agriculture, tradespeople, merchants, priests, and scribes. These occupations helped to create a stable and prosperous society that could provide for its people’s needs. While these occupations may seem primitive compared to modern times, they formed the foundation for the development of more complex societies in later years.