What Was the Main Trade in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, trade was an essential part of life. The Greeks traded with other civilizations, including the Egyptians and the Phoenicians.

As a result, they became known as excellent traders and merchants. So what was the main trade in ancient Greece?

Agricultural Products

The primary trade commodity in ancient Greece was agricultural products. The Greeks produced a wide range of crops, including wheat, barley, olives, grapes, and figs. These crops were used to make various products such as wine, olive oil, and bread.

Olive oil:

Olive oil was the most important product for the Greeks. They used it for cooking, lighting lamps and also as an ointment for their skin. Olive trees were widely cultivated throughout Greece due to their importance.

Trading Networks

The Greeks had a vast trading network that extended throughout the Mediterranean region. They traded with other civilizations such as the Egyptians and Phoenicians along with many other regions like Asia Minor and Italy.

The Mediterranean Sea:

The Mediterranean Sea played a crucial role in Greek trade as it provided them with access to other civilizations around its shores.

Athens – A Major Trading City

Athens was one of the most important trading cities in ancient Greece. It had access to a natural harbor that made it easy to transport goods by sea. Athens traded olive oil, wine, honey along with pottery which was exported all over the world.


Pottery was another significant commodity for Greek traders. Greek pottery was valued for its quality and beauty worldwide.


In conclusion, agriculture products were the main trade in ancient Greece; however, they also traded many other commodities such as pottery which are still admired today for its beauty and quality. Their vast trading network contributed significantly to their economic growth and played a crucial role in shaping Greek civilization.