What Was the Name of Egypt in Ancient Times?

Egypt is a nation with a rich cultural heritage that dates back thousands of years. It is known for its awe-inspiring pyramids, enigmatic hieroglyphics, and powerful pharaohs.

But have you ever wondered what the name of Egypt was in ancient times? In this article, we will explore the answer to this question.

The Land of the Pharaohs

Egypt has been known by several names throughout its long history. The most common name for Egypt in ancient times was “Kemet,” which means “black land” in Egyptian. This name referred to the fertile black soil that surrounded the Nile River, which was essential for agriculture and sustaining life in ancient Egypt.

The Name ‘Egypt’

The modern name “Egypt” actually comes from the Greek word “Aigyptos.” The Greeks used this term to refer to the land and people they encountered when Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BCE.

Before this time, Egypt had been ruled by several different civilizations, including the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom. Each of these periods had their own names for Egypt.

For example, during the Old Kingdom period (2686 BCE – 2181 BCE), Egypt was known as “Ineb-Hedj,” which means “the white walls.” This name referred to the massive white limestone walls that surrounded many of the cities in ancient Egypt.

The Land of Ra

Another name for Egypt during ancient times was “Ta-Merry,” which means “the beloved land.” This name reflected how much Egyptians cherished their homeland. They believed that their gods had created their country as a paradise on earth.

Egypt was also known as “Ta-meru,” which means “the land of Ra.” Ra was one of the most important gods in Egyptian mythology and was often depicted with a falcon’s head wearing a sun disk. The name “Ta-meru” reflected the Egyptians’ belief that Ra had created their country and watched over it with his all-seeing eye.


In conclusion, Egypt has been known by many names throughout its long history. From “Kemet” to “Ta-Merry,” each name reflects the deep connection that the ancient Egyptians had with their homeland. While the modern name “Egypt” may have come from the Greeks, it is important to remember that this country has a rich and complex history that extends far beyond its modern borders.