What Was the Parthenon Used for in Ancient Greece?

The Parthenon is one of the most recognizable and iconic structures in the world. Built in Ancient Greece, it has stood the test of time and remains an awe-inspiring testament to the architectural prowess of its builders.

But what was the Parthenon used for in Ancient Greece? Let’s take a closer look.

The Purpose of the Parthenon

The Parthenon was built between 447 and 432 BCE on the Acropolis in Athens. It was designed by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates and funded by the Athenian statesman Pericles. The purpose of the Parthenon was to house a statue of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice.

The Construction

The construction of the Parthenon took almost 15 years to complete. It was built using a combination of limestone and marble blocks, with columns made from Pentelic marble quarried from nearby Mount Pentelikon. The temple measures 30 meters wide by 69 meters long (98 feet wide by 227 feet long), with eight columns on each end and 17 columns along each side.

The Design

The design of the Parthenon is a perfect example of classical Greek architecture. The temple is a rectangular building with two main chambers: the naos (inner chamber) and opisthodomos (rear chamber). The naos housed the statue of Athena while opisthodomos served as a treasury for Athens.

The exterior features elaborate sculptures depicting various myths and legends from ancient Greek culture. These sculptures were created using a technique known as relief carving, where figures are carved into the surface so they stand out from their background.

The Restoration

Over time, earthquakes, wars, and looting had taken their toll on the structure. In recent years, the Greek government has undertaken significant restoration efforts to preserve the Parthenon for future generations. These efforts include replacing damaged marble blocks, cleaning the sculptures, and installing a new lighting system to showcase the temple at night.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Parthenon was built to house a statue of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom. It is a stunning example of classical Greek architecture and features elaborate sculptures depicting various myths and legends from ancient Greek culture. Despite centuries of wear and tear, it remains an awe-inspiring testament to the ingenuity and skill of its creators.