What Was the Relationship Between India and Egypt Since Ancient Times?

India and Egypt have a long history of cultural, economic, and political exchange dating back to ancient times. This relationship is evident through various artistic, literary, and religious artifacts found in both countries.

Trade Relations:
Egypt and India had flourishing trade relations that can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1300 BCE). The Egyptians traded with the Harappans through the Red Sea.

In fact, Egyptian pharaohs are known to have sent expeditions to Punt (modern-day Somalia), which was an important trading partner of the Indus Valley Civilization. Similarly, Indian spices like cardamom, cinnamon, and black pepper were highly valued by the ancient Egyptians. These spices were brought into Egypt via the Red Sea trade route.

Cultural Connections:
The cultural connections between India and Egypt are also apparent in their art, literature, and religion. The ancient Egyptians were known for their love of jewelry and used gold extensively in their designs.

Interestingly, the use of gold is also evident in Indian art from ancient times. For instance, jewelry found in the Indus Valley Civilization sites often included gold beads and necklaces.

Furthermore, both cultures have a rich tradition of mythology and religion. Ancient Egyptian mythology revolves around gods like Ra (the sun god), Anubis (god of mummification), and Osiris (god of fertility).

Similarly, Indian mythology is replete with stories about gods like Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver), and Shiva (destroyer). Interestingly enough, there are similarities between these gods in terms of their roles and attributes.

Political Ties:
India-Egypt political relations date back several centuries. Both countries played a key role in establishing the Non-Aligned Movement during the Cold War era. In modern times too both countries share excellent diplomatic relations that reflect positively on global matters as well.


In conclusion, the relationship between India and Egypt has been long-standing and multi-faceted. From trade to cultural connections and religion to politics, these two countries have shared a deep bond that continues to this day. Their history is a testament to the fact that despite geographical barriers, nations can still maintain strong ties that survive the test of time.