What Was the Temperature in Ancient Greece?

The temperature in Ancient Greece is a topic that has been debated by scholars for many years. While it is difficult to determine the exact temperature during this time period, there are several factors that can give us an idea of what the climate was like.

Geography and Climate

One of the main factors that can help us understand the temperature in Ancient Greece is its geography and climate. The country is located in the Mediterranean region, which means it experiences hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The temperature during the summer months can reach up to 35°C (95°F), while winter temperatures rarely drop below 10°C (50°F).

Historical Records

Another way to determine the temperature in Ancient Greece is through historical records. While there were no thermometers during this time period, scholars have analyzed various texts and artifacts to gain insight into what temperatures might have been like. For example, ancient Greek literature often describes hot summers and mild winters, which supports what we know about the Mediterranean climate.

Natural Phenomena

Natural phenomena such as ice cores and tree rings can also provide clues about past temperatures. By analyzing these elements, scientists have found evidence of warmer temperatures during certain periods in Ancient Greece. For example, a study conducted on tree rings from cypress trees in Greece showed that there was a warm period between 950 BC and 750 BC.


While we may never know for certain what the exact temperature was like in Ancient Greece, it is clear that it experienced a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. By analyzing historical records and studying natural phenomena, we can gain a better understanding of what life might have been like during this time period.