What Was the Temperature Like in Ancient Greece?

Have you ever wondered what the temperature was like in ancient Greece? While we can’t exactly travel back in time to check, we do have some historical records and evidence that can give us an idea.

Ancient Greek Climate
The climate of ancient Greece varied depending on the region. Greece is located in a Mediterranean climate zone, which generally means mild winters and hot summers. However, mountainous areas and coastal regions could experience cooler temperatures.

Ancient Greek Weather Records
The ancient Greeks did not have the technology we have today to measure temperatures, but they did keep records of weather patterns. They observed the sky and natural phenomena such as the behavior of birds or the appearance of certain plants to predict weather.

One example is Aristotle, who wrote about weather patterns in his work “Meteorologica.” He noted that winds from the north tend to bring cold weather while winds from the south bring warmth.

Ancient Greek Clothing

The clothing worn by ancient Greeks also gives us a clue about their temperatures. The chiton was a common garment worn by both men and women. It was made from light linen or wool fabric that allowed air to circulate, making it suitable for warm weather.

However, during colder months, Greeks would wear heavier garments such as cloaks made from animal skins or wool. This suggests that temperatures during winter months could be chilly.


While we cannot state with certainty what exact temperatures were like in ancient Greece, we do know that they experienced a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers in most regions. Their clothing choices also indicate varying temperatures throughout the year.

It’s fascinating to learn about how people adapted to their climates without modern technology. As we continue to study history, we can gain insights into how our ancestors lived their lives.