What Was the Women’s Role in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, women were not regarded as equal to men in terms of their role in society. They were expected to fulfill certain roles and duties based on their gender. Let’s take a closer look at what the women’s role in ancient Greece was like.

Marriage and Family

Marriage was considered the most important event in a woman’s life. Women were expected to marry at a young age, usually around the age of 14 or 15. The purpose of marriage was primarily for procreation and the continuation of the family line.

Once married, women were expected to manage the household and raise children. They would oversee servants, cook meals, clean the house, and make clothing for their family.

Educational Opportunities

Women in ancient Greece did not have access to formal education like men did. They were taught basic skills such as reading and writing at home by their parents or tutors.

There were some exceptions to this rule, however. Wealthy families sometimes hired private tutors for their daughters, but this was rare.

Religious Life

Religion played an important role in ancient Greek society. Women had an active role in religious ceremonies and festivals, but they could not become priests or hold any official religious positions.

Women were responsible for maintaining household shrines and performing daily rituals. They also participated in public festivals such as the Thesmophoria which celebrated fertility and agriculture.

Restrictions on Women

Despite their important roles within the household and religious life, women faced many restrictions in ancient Greece.

They could not participate in politics or hold public office. This meant that they had no say in matters that affected their lives such as laws or taxes.

Women also had limited freedom outside of their homes. They could only leave the house with a male escort and were not allowed to participate in public events or gatherings.


In conclusion, the women’s role in ancient Greece was primarily focused on marriage, family, and domestic duties. Women had limited opportunities for education and were restricted by social norms that prevented them from participating in public life.

Despite these limitations, women played an important role in religious ceremonies and festivals. Today, we can look back at their contributions and appreciate the unique perspective they brought to ancient Greek society.