What Was Volos Called Ancient Greece?

In Ancient Greece, the city of Volos was known by several different names depending on the time period and the people who inhabited it. Located in Thessaly, a region in the central part of Greece, Volos has a long and rich history that spans thousands of years. Let’s take a closer look at what this city was called in Ancient Greece.

The Early Years

During the Mycenaean period, which lasted from around 1600 BCE to 1100 BCE, Volos was known as Iolcos. This name is still used today for a nearby town that was founded later on. Iolcos was an important center for trade and commerce, and it played a key role in the development of Thessaly as a major power in the region.

The Classical Period

In Classical times, Volos was known by two different names: Pagasae and Demetrias. The former name comes from the nearby Pagasitic Gulf, which provided access to the Aegean Sea and made Volos an important port city. The latter name comes from Demetrius Poliorcetes, who founded the city in 293 BCE.

Pagasae

Under the name of Pagasae, Volos became an important center for shipping and trade. It was also known for its skilled sailors and shipbuilders who were able to navigate the treacherous waters of the Aegean Sea with ease. The city grew wealthy from its maritime activities and became an important cultural center as well.

Demetrias

When Demetrius Poliorcetes founded Demetrias, he named it after himself as a way of asserting his authority over the region. The city became a major military stronghold and played a key role in several wars during this period. However, it never achieved the same level of prosperity as Pagasae, and it eventually declined in importance.

The Byzantine and Ottoman Periods

After the decline of Ancient Greece, Volos went through a period of relative obscurity. It was not until the Byzantine period that the city regained some of its former glory. During this time, it was known as Golos and became an important center for agriculture and trade.

In the Ottoman period, which lasted from the 14th century until the early 19th century, Volos was known as Volo. The city continued to thrive as a center for trade and commerce, and it played an important role in the region’s economy.

Conclusion

Throughout its long history, Volos has been known by many different names. From Iolcos in the Mycenaean period to Demetrias in Classical times and Golos in the Byzantine era, this city has played an important role in shaping Greece’s cultural and economic identity. Today, Volos is a vibrant modern city that continues to honor its rich history while looking towards a bright future.