What Were 3 Major Contributions of the Ancient Roman Civilization?

The ancient Roman civilization is known for its remarkable contributions to the world. From their impressive architectural feats to their advancements in law and government, Roman civilization has left a lasting legacy that continues to influence us today. In this article, we will explore three major contributions of the ancient Roman civilization.

Roads and Infrastructure

One of the most significant contributions of the Romans was their extensive network of roads and infrastructure. The Romans built over 250,000 miles of roads throughout their empire, which enabled them to transport troops, goods, and information quickly and efficiently.

These roads were carefully constructed with layers of gravel, sand, and concrete to create a durable surface that could withstand heavy traffic. The Romans also built impressive aqueducts that transported water from distant sources into cities, enabling them to grow and thrive.

Language and Literature

The Latin language was another significant contribution of the ancient Roman civilization. Latin was the official language of Rome and became the foundation for many modern languages such as Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian.

Roman literature also played a crucial role in shaping Western literature. Writers such as Virgil produced epic poems like ‘The Aeneid,’ which told stories of heroes and gods that continue to captivate readers today. Other famous writers such as Cicero contributed to fields such as rhetoric and philosophy.

Law and Government

The Roman system of law and government was highly influential in shaping modern legal systems worldwide. The Twelve Tables were a set of laws created in 449 BCE that established basic rights for all citizens. These laws formed the basis for later legal codes such as Justinian’s Code.

Additionally, the Roman government was divided into two branches: the Senate (made up of wealthy aristocrats) and popular assemblies (made up of ordinary citizens). This system provided a balance between aristocratic rule and democratic representation.

  • In conclusion,
  • the ancient Roman civilization made significant contributions to the world in many areas.
  • Their infrastructure, language, literature, and legal system have had a profound impact on modern society.
  • We can see the influence of Roman civilization in everything from our legal systems to our language and literature.

The legacy of the ancient Romans continues to inspire and fascinate us today. From their incredible feats of engineering to their contributions to philosophy and literature, the Romans left an indelible mark on the world that will be felt for centuries to come.