What Were 3 of the Major Achievements of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its remarkable achievements in various fields, from philosophy to art, literature, and science. The Greeks were an innovative people who left a long-lasting impact on the world. In this article, we will explore three major achievements of Ancient Greece that still resonate with us today.

1. Philosophy

Greek philosophy is considered one of the most significant contributions of Ancient Greece. Greek philosophers were interested in understanding the nature of reality and human existence. They developed various schools of thought, each with its unique perspective on the world.

One of the most famous Greek philosophers was Socrates. He believed that knowledge and virtue were closely linked, and he sought to understand what it meant to live a good life.

Another philosopher was Plato, who founded the Academy in Athens, which was one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world. Aristotle was another influential philosopher whose ideas continue to shape our understanding of science and ethics.

2. Democracy

The Greeks also invented democracy, a system where citizens have a say in how they are governed. Athenian democracy emerged around 500 BCE and gave citizens more power than any other system at that time.

In Athenian democracy, all male citizens had equal rights and could participate in political decision-making through an assembly called the Ecclesia. This system allowed for greater political participation among ordinary people and helped ensure that everyone had a voice in their government.

3. Art and Architecture

Ancient Greece is also known for its art and architecture, which has influenced Western culture for centuries. Greek art was characterized by a focus on human form and expression, as well as an appreciation for beauty.

Greek architecture is renowned for its use of columns, which were used to support buildings such as temples and public buildings like amphitheaters or stadiums. The three main types of columns used were Doric (simple), Ionic (more decorative), and Corinthian (ornate).


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was a civilization that achieved many remarkable accomplishments that still influence our world today. From philosophy to democracy and art, the Greeks left a legacy that continues to inspire and shape our modern world. It is essential to appreciate these achievements and recognize their significance in our lives.