In Ancient Greece, houses were an essential aspect of daily life. A house was not just a place to live in but also a status symbol.
The Ancient Greeks had a unique style of architecture that reflected their culture and beliefs. So, what were ancient Greece houses called? Let’s dive into it.
Ancient Greek Houses
In Ancient Greece, houses were known as “oikos.” The word oikos means “household” or “family.”
The oikos was the center of family life and served as a place for cooking, eating, sleeping, and socializing. The Ancient Greeks built their houses with local materials such as stone, clay, and timber.
Architecture of Ancient Greek Houses
The architecture of ancient Greek houses was influenced by the region’s climate and landscape. Houses were usually built around a central courtyard that provided light and ventilation to the rooms. The courtyard was called the “atrium.”
The walls of the houses were made of mud bricks or stone blocks. Roofs were typically made of tiles or thatch. Windows were small and placed high up on the wall to maximize privacy.
Layout of Ancient Greek Houses
The layout of ancient Greek houses varied depending on the family’s social status and wealth. However, most houses followed a similar pattern that included:
- Atrium: As mentioned earlier, this was the central courtyard that provided light and ventilation.
- Andron: This was the room where men entertained guests.
- Gynaikonitis: This was the women’s quarters where they would socialize with other women.
- Kitchen: This was where food was prepared.
- Bathrooms: Bathrooms were not common in ancient Greece homes but some wealthy families had them.
Ancient Greek Households
Ancient Greek households were typically large and extended families lived together. The eldest male was the head of the household and responsible for making decisions. Women managed the household and raised children.
Slaves were also a part of ancient Greek households. Slaves worked in the fields or performed domestic duties such as cooking, cleaning, and looking after children.
In conclusion, ancient Greek houses were called oikos and served as the center of family life. They were built with local materials and featured a central courtyard that provided light and ventilation.
The layout of ancient Greece houses varied depending on the family’s social status and wealth. Ancient Greek households were typically large and included extended families living together with slaves performing domestic duties.