What Were Arrowheads Made of in Ancient Greece?

Arrowheads are ancient weapons that have been used for hunting and warfare for thousands of years. In Ancient Greece, arrowheads were made from a variety of materials, each with their unique advantages and disadvantages. These materials include stone, bronze, iron, and bone.

Stone Arrowheads

Stone was the most commonly used material for arrowhead production in Ancient Greece. It was readily available and easy to shape into sharp points.

The most commonly used types of stone were flint, obsidian, and chert. Flint was the most popular because it was relatively easy to find and produced a sharp edge when struck with another piece of flint.


  • Relatively easy to find
  • Sharp edge
  • Durable


  • Could break or chip easily
  • Not very effective against armor

Bronze Arrowheads

Bronze arrowheads were also used in Ancient Greece. They were made by melting copper and tin together to create a strong but malleable material that could be easily shaped into arrowheads.


  • Durable
  • Malleable
  • Better at penetrating armor than stone arrowheads


  • Copper and tin were not always readily available
  • Much heavier than stone arrowheads

Iron Arrowheads

Iron arrowheads were not commonly used in Ancient Greece until around the fourth century BCE when iron became more widely available. Iron arrowheads were much more effective against armor than stone or bronze arrowheads.


  • More effective against armor than other materials
  • Durable and long-lasting


  • Iron was not readily available until later in Ancient Greece’s history
  • Heavier than stone or bronze arrowheads

Bone Arrowheads

Bone arrowheads were also used in Ancient Greece, although they were not as common as other materials. They were typically made from the bones of animals such as deer or boars.


  • Easily available from hunted animals
  • Limited effectiveness against armor can be compensated for by the accuracy of the shot.


  • Fragile and could break easily
  • Not effective against armor at all.
  • In conclusion, arrowheads were made from a variety of materials in Ancient Greece, each with their unique advantages and disadvantages. Stone was the most commonly used material due to its availability and ease of shaping while bronze, iron and bone arrowheads had their own benefits which made them useful in hunting and warfare. The type of material used depended on several factors such as availability, effectiveness against different types of Targets, weight, and durability.