What Were Citizens Allowed to Do in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece, the land of philosophers and poets, was also a place where the concept of citizenship was born. Citizens in ancient Greece were free men who were born in Athens, had Athenian parents, and completed their military training. They enjoyed certain rights and responsibilities that separated them from non-citizens.

What were citizens allowed to do?

Citizens in ancient Greece had both political and legal rights. They could participate in the government by voting on laws and policies. They could also hold public office, serve on juries, and even propose new laws.

In addition to their political rights, citizens enjoyed legal protections. They could own property, make contracts, and sue or be sued in court. They were also exempt from certain taxes.

Education for Citizens

Education was an important aspect of life for citizens in ancient Greece. Boys received a rigorous education that included physical training as well as lessons in reading, writing, math, music, and art. Girls were taught domestic skills such as weaving and cooking at home.

The Role of Women

Women did not have the same rights as men in ancient Greece. While they were allowed to own property and participate in religious festivals, they could not vote or hold public office. Their primary role was to bear children and manage the household.


Slavery was a common practice in ancient Greece. Non-citizens who were captured during wars or raids often became slaves. Slaves had no legal rights and could be bought or sold like property.


In summary, citizens in ancient Greece had important political and legal rights that set them apart from non-citizens. Education played a significant role in their lives while women had limited rights compared to men. Slavery was also prevalent during this time period.

  • Citizens could participate in government by voting and holding public office.
  • Citizens enjoyed legal protections such as property ownership and the ability to sue in court.
  • Education was an important aspect of life for citizens, especially for boys.
  • Women had limited rights compared to men, and their primary role was to bear children and manage the household.
  • Slavery was a common practice in ancient Greece, with non-citizens often becoming slaves.

Ancient Greece may have been a place where citizens enjoyed certain rights, but it was also a society that had its limitations. Nevertheless, the legacy of ancient Greece continues to influence modern-day politics and society.