In Ancient Greece, the concept of time was an integral part of their society and culture. Much like today, the Greeks divided their days into various segments to keep track of time. Let’s explore what these days were called and how they were organized.
Weekdays in Ancient Greece
The Greeks did not have a seven-day week as we do today. Instead, they had a ten-day week known as a “dekatrias.” Each day of this ten-day cycle had a specific name and was associated with different gods and goddesses.
The First Day – Hemera Heliou
The first day of the Greek week was called “Hemera Heliou,” which translates to “Day of the Sun.” This day was dedicated to Helios, the Greek god of the sun.
The Second Day – Hemera Selene
The second day was known as “Hemera Selene,” meaning “Day of the Moon.” It was dedicated to Selene, the goddess of the moon.
The Third Day – Hemera Areos
Hemera Areos, or “Day of Ares,” honored Ares, the god of war. This day symbolized strength and courage.
The Fourth Day – Hemera Hermu
Hemera Hermu means “Day of Hermes.” Hermes, often depicted as a messenger with winged sandals, was the god associated with communication and travel.
The Fifth Day – Hemera Dios
“Hemera Dios” translates to “Day of Zeus,” paying homage to Zeus, the king of all gods in Greek mythology.
The Sixth Day – Hemera Aphrodites
Aphrodites was the goddess of love and beauty, and her day was called “Hemera Aphrodites.”
The Seventh Day – Hemera Kronou
“Hemera Kronou,” or “Day of Cronus,” honored Cronus, the god of time and the harvest.
The Eighth Day – Hemera Artemidos
Hemera Artemidos was dedicated to Artemis, the goddess of hunting and wilderness.
The Ninth Day – Hemera Hestias
Hemera Hestias means “Day of Hestia,” who was the goddess of hearth and home.
The Tenth Day – Hemera Hermu-Mercurii
The last day of the Greek ten-day week was known as “Hemera Hermu-Mercurii.” It combined the attributes of Hermes, the Greek god of communication and travel, with Mercury, his equivalent in Roman mythology.
While Ancient Greece did not have a standardized seven-day week like we do today, they had a unique ten-day cycle with each day dedicated to a different deity. Understanding how these days were organized provides us with valuable insights into their culture and religious beliefs. By incorporating elements such as bold text, underlined text,
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