What Were Doctors Called in Ancient Times?

Have you ever given a thought to what doctors were called in ancient times? The medical profession has come a long way, and it’s fascinating to learn about its history. In this article, we will explore the different names doctors were called in ancient times.

Ancient Egypt:

In Ancient Egypt, doctors were known as “swnw.” They were highly respected and held in high regard by society.

The swnw were skilled in treating various diseases and injuries. They used herbs and other natural remedies to cure their patients.

Ancient Greece:

The Greeks had a different approach to medicine. They believed that illnesses were caused by an imbalance of the four humors – blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile.

Doctors were called “iatros” or “asclepiades.” They believed that the human body was a system that needed to be balanced for good health.

Ancient Rome:

In Ancient Rome, doctors were referred to as “medicus.” They treated all kinds of ailments ranging from physical injuries to mental illness. Medicus was a respected profession, and they enjoyed a high status in society.


The Indian medical system is one of the oldest in the world. Doctors were known as “Vaidya” or “Ayurvedic physicians.” Ayurveda is an ancient Indian medical system that focuses on natural remedies and holistic healing practices.


In China, doctors were called “yisheng.” Chinese medicine is based on the concept of Qi (pronounced ‘chee’) – life energy flowing through the body’s meridians. Yishengs would use acupuncture, herbal medicines, and other natural remedies to treat illnesses.

The Bottom Line:

Doctors have been around since ancient times, and they have played a crucial role in society’s development. From the swnw of Ancient Egypt to the yishengs of China, doctors have evolved with time. However, their fundamental role has remained the same – to heal and cure patients.

  • Ancient Egyptian doctors were called “swnw. “
  • Ancient Greek doctors were called “iatros” or “asclepiades. “
  • Ancient Roman doctors were referred to as “medicus.

  • Indian doctors were known as “Vaidya” or “Ayurvedic physicians. “
  • Chinese doctors were called “yisheng. “

The medical profession has come a long way since ancient times, but one thing remains constant – the importance of good health and well-being.