What Were Men’s Rights in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, men held a dominant position in society. They were considered superior to women and had more rights and privileges.

Men played a significant role in politics, education, and the military. Here is a closer look at what men’s rights were in ancient Greece.

Political Rights

In ancient Greece, only men were allowed to participate in the political process. They could vote, hold public office, and serve on juries.

The right to vote was limited to male citizens who were over 18 years old and had completed their military service. Women, slaves, foreigners, and children were not allowed to participate in the political process.

Educational Rights

Education was highly valued in ancient Greece, and only men had access to it. Boys received education at school while girls learned skills like weaving and cooking at home from their mothers. Only boys from wealthy families could attend school while boys from poorer families had to work instead of going to school.

Military Rights

Military service was compulsory for all freeborn males in ancient Greece. Men who served in the military were highly respected by society and received various privileges such as exemption from taxes and the right to hold public office.

Legal Rights

Men had more legal rights than women in ancient Greece. They could own property, inherit wealth, make contracts, and go to court if necessary. Women did not have these rights; they were considered property themselves and belonged either to their father or their husband.


In conclusion, men held significantly more rights than women in ancient Greece when it came to politics, education, the military and legal matters. While this may seem unfair by today’s standards of equality between genders; it is important to understand the cultural context of that time period which contributed towards such beliefs being held by society as a whole.