Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished from the 8th century BC to the 4th century BC. It was known for its remarkable achievements in areas such as art, literature, philosophy, and architecture.
One of the most significant structures that exemplify the grandeur of Ancient Greece is their palaces. But what were these palaces called?
In Ancient Greece, palaces were known as “megaron” (μέγαρον). The word “megaron” is derived from the Greek word “megale” which means great or large. These palaces were typically large, rectangular structures that were used for various purposes such as political and religious gatherings, as well as for residential purposes.
The construction of a “megaron” typically involved a central hall surrounded by four columns in the front. The hall was used to host important meetings and events, while the back of the palace served as living quarters for the royal family and guests.
One of the most famous examples of a “megaron” palace is found at Mycenae in Southern Greece. The palace was built during the Late Bronze Age and was excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876. The palace at Mycenae had a central hall with four columns at its entrance and featured intricate frescoes on its walls.
Another notable example of a “megaron” palace is found at Pylos in Southwest Greece. The palace at Pylos dates back to around 1300 BC and was discovered by Carl Blegen in 1939. The palace had multiple rooms including storerooms, workshops, and living quarters for its residents.
In addition to being centers of political power, these palaces also served as symbols of wealth and prosperity for their owners. They often featured luxurious decorations such as gold leafing on walls and ceilings, intricate mosaics on floors, and fine furnishings.
In conclusion, Ancient Greek palaces were known as “megaron” and were typically large, rectangular structures used for political and religious gatherings, as well as for residential purposes. These palaces were symbols of wealth and power and featured luxurious decorations. The most famous examples of these palaces are found at Mycenae and Pylos.