What Were the Discoveries of Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is known for its significant contributions to the world in various fields, including philosophy, mathematics, science, and art. The ancient Greeks had a remarkable curiosity about the world around them and made several discoveries that have influenced modern society. In this article, we will explore some of the most notable discoveries of Ancient Greece.


One of the most significant contributions of Ancient Greece was its philosophy. The Greeks were the first to introduce philosophical thinking as a way to understand the world and human existence. Philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle helped to lay the foundations for Western philosophy.

Socrates was interested in ethics and believed that knowledge was key to living a good life. Plato was a student of Socrates who wrote extensively on topics such as justice, morality, and politics. Aristotle studied under Plato and went on to develop his own philosophical ideas on subjects such as metaphysics, ethics, and logic.


Ancient Greece is also known for its contributions to mathematics. The Greeks were among the first to use mathematical concepts to solve problems in various fields such as architecture, engineering, and astronomy.

One of the most famous mathematicians from Ancient Greece was Pythagoras. He is best known for developing the Pythagorean theorem that states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

Another famous mathematician from Ancient Greece was Euclid. He is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time and wrote “Elements,” a treatise consisting of 13 books that cover various mathematical topics like geometry and number theory.


The ancient Greeks also made significant contributions to science. They were among the first to use scientific methods to understand natural phenomena.

One notable scientist from Ancient Greece was Hippocrates. He is considered the father of modern medicine and developed the Hippocratic Oath that is still used by doctors today. He also studied anatomy and physiology and introduced the concept of disease prevention.

Another famous scientist from Ancient Greece was Archimedes. He made significant contributions to mathematics, physics, and engineering. He is best known for his principle of buoyancy, which states that an object will float in water if it displaces an amount of water equal to its weight.


Ancient Greece is also renowned for its art, particularly its sculpture and architecture. The Greeks believed that beauty was an essential aspect of human life and expressed this belief through their art.

One of the most famous examples of Greek architecture is the Parthenon in Athens. It was built in the 5th century BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. The Parthenon is considered one of the greatest examples of classical architecture and has influenced countless architects throughout history.

The Greeks were also famous for their sculpture. They created lifelike statues that depicted human figures, animals, and mythical creatures. One notable example is “The Discus Thrower” by Myron, which depicts an athlete preparing to throw a discus.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece made significant contributions to various fields like philosophy, mathematics, science, and art. Their discoveries have influenced modern society in numerous ways and continue to inspire new ideas even today. By studying Ancient Greece’s discoveries, we can gain a better understanding of our world’s history and how we got to where we are today.