What Were the First Two Political Parties in American History Quizlet?

The political landscape of America has always been a topic of fascination for many. To understand the present-day politics, it is important to go back in time and explore the roots of political parties in America. The first two political parties that emerged in American history were the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party.

Federalist Party

The Federalist Party was founded by Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, and other supporters of the newly adopted United States Constitution in 1789. The party was known for its strong support of a centralized government with a strong executive branch. They believed that a powerful central government was necessary to maintain order and stability within the country.

Some notable features of the Federalist Party were:

  • They supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution.
  • They favored commercial and industrial growth.
  • They opposed the French Revolution.

Democratic-Republican Party

The Democratic-Republican Party was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in response to Alexander Hamilton’s Federalist Party. They strongly opposed the Federalist agenda and believed in limiting federal power, promoting states’ rights, and individual liberties.

Here are some key characteristics of the Democratic-Republican party:

  • They preferred a strict interpretation of the Constitution.
  • They supported agriculture as opposed to industrial growth.
  • They backed France during their revolution.


In conclusion, understanding the first two political parties in American history is crucial to understanding how American politics evolved over time. The Federalist Party supported a strong central government while the Democratic-Republican party advocated for states’ rights and individual liberties.

Both parties had differing views on various issues such as commerce, agriculture, foreign policy, among others. It is important to note that both parties laid the foundation for political parties in America and helped shape the political landscape that we see today.