What Were the Houses Like in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece is renowned for its rich history, culture, and architecture. One of the most fascinating aspects of the Greek civilization is their unique style of housing.

The houses in ancient Greece were designed to be functional, comfortable, and aesthetically pleasing. Let’s take a closer look at what the houses in Ancient Greece were like.

The Layout

The Greeks had a very specific layout for their houses. Most houses were built around a central courtyard or garden known as an atrium. The atrium was the central hub of the house and was used for various purposes such as dining, socializing, and even religious ceremonies.

The Rooms

The rooms in ancient Greek houses were typically small and compact. They were designed to be functional rather than spacious. The main rooms in a typical Greek house included:

  • The Andron – This was the male-only room where men would entertain their guests.
  • The Oikos – This was the living room or family room where everyone would gather together.
  • The Kyrios – This was the master bedroom.
  • The Thalamos – This was the bedroom for children and servants.

The Materials

The Greeks used locally sourced materials to build their homes. The most common materials used were stone, clay, and wood.

Stone was used for the foundation and walls while clay was used for roof tiles and bricks. Wood was used for the doors and windows.

The Decorations

The Greeks loved to decorate their homes with art and sculptures. They would often place vases or urns around their homes filled with flowers or plants. The walls were often adorned with frescoes or paintings depicting scenes from Greek mythology.


In conclusion, the houses in ancient Greece were unique in their layout, materials, and decorations. They were designed to be functional yet aesthetically pleasing. Despite being thousands of years old, the architecture of ancient Greek houses still serves as an inspiration to architects and designers around the world today.