What Were the Most Common Names in Ancient Greece?

In Ancient Greece, names held great significance and were often influenced by mythology, family lineage, and cultural traditions. Understanding the most common names in Ancient Greece provides valuable insights into the society and beliefs of that era. Let’s explore some of the popular names from this fascinating period.

Male Names

In Ancient Greece, male names often reflected heroic figures from myths and legends. Here are some of the most common male names:

  • Jason: This name was derived from the Greek word “iasthai,” meaning “to heal.” It was associated with the legendary hero who led the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece.
  • Alexander: Derived from the Greek name “Alexandros,” it means “defender of men.”

    Alexander the Great, one of history’s most famous military leaders, popularized this name.

  • Hector: This name is associated with the Trojan prince who fought heroically during the Trojan War. It means “to hold” or “to possess. “

Female Names

Ancient Greek female names were often inspired by goddesses, muses, and other mythological figures. Some notable female names include:

  • Athena: Named after the Greek goddess of wisdom and warfare, Athena symbolized strength and intelligence.
  • Helen: Helen was a figure from Greek mythology known for her beauty. Her story played a significant role in sparking the Trojan War.
  • Artemis: The name Artemis belonged to the goddess of hunting, wilderness, and childbirth. It signifies independence and nature.

Family Names

In addition to personal names, Ancient Greeks also used family names or patronymics. These names were derived from the father’s name and helped establish social identity. For example:


  • Son of Alexander: Alexandros (male) or Alexandra (female)
  • Son of Demetrius: Demetrios (male) or Demetria (female)

The use of patronymics allowed for lineage identification and reinforced familial connections within the community.


The names in Ancient Greece reflected the culture, mythology, and values of the society. Male names often drew inspiration from heroic figures, while female names were associated with goddesses and muses. Family names or patronymics played a crucial role in establishing one’s social identity.

By understanding these common names, we gain a deeper appreciation for the rich history and traditions of Ancient Greece.