What Were the Planets Called in Ancient Times?

Have you ever wondered what the planets in our solar system were called in ancient times? From Mercury to Neptune, each planet has a unique name that holds a rich history and tradition. In this article, we’ll explore the origins of these names and learn about the fascinating stories behind them.


The planet closest to the sun is named after the Roman messenger god, Mercury. This swift-footed deity was known for his speed and agility, making him the perfect namesake for the fastest planet in our solar system.


Venus, named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty, is often referred to as Earth’s sister planet due to its similar size and composition. This celestial body has captivated humans for centuries with its bright appearance in the night sky.


Our home planet’s name stems from Old English and Germanic origins, meaning “ground” or “soil”. It’s interesting to note that Earth is one of the only planets not named after a deity or mythological figure.


Mars is named after the Roman god of war due to its reddish appearance resembling blood. The ancient Babylonians also associated this planet with their god Nergal, who was often depicted as a fierce warrior.


Jupiter, named after the king of gods in Roman mythology, is fittingly known as the largest planet in our solar system. Its massive size has made it a fascinating subject for astronomers throughout history.


Saturn is named after another Roman deity, this time being the god of agriculture and harvests. The planet’s famous rings were first observed by Galileo Galilei in 1610 and have since been a topic of scientific curiosity.


Uranus, named after the Greek god of the sky, was first discovered in 1781 by Sir William Herschel. Interestingly, it was originally referred to as “Georgium Sidus” (George’s Star) in honor of King George III of England.


The eighth and final planet in our solar system is named after the Roman god of the sea. Its discovery in 1846 was a significant milestone for astronomy and demonstrated the power of mathematical predictions.


In conclusion, the names of the planets in our solar system hold a rich history and tradition that dates back centuries. From ancient mythological figures to modern-day discoveries, each celestial body has a unique story to tell. By understanding these origins, we can gain a greater appreciation for the vastness and complexity of our universe.