The death and resurrection of Jesus is a significant event in Christian history. It is the foundation of the Christian faith and a symbol of hope and salvation for millions of people around the world.
The date of Jesus’ death and resurrection has been a topic of debate for centuries. In this article, we will explore the evidence and theories surrounding this important event.
What We Know About Jesus’ Death
The Bible provides us with an account of Jesus’ death on the cross. According to the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus was crucified on the day before the Jewish Sabbath, which was a Friday (Matthew 27:62-66). Mark’s Gospel also supports this view (Mark 15:42).
The Gospel accounts also suggest that Jesus died during the reign of Pontius Pilate, who was Roman governor over Judea from AD 26-36 (Matthew 27:2; Mark 15:1; Luke 3:1).
Calculating the Year
Based on these accounts, scholars have attempted to date Jesus’ death. One way to do this is to work backwards from other historical events mentioned in the Bible.
For example, Luke’s Gospel states that John the Baptist began his ministry in “the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar” (Luke 3:1). Tiberius became emperor after his predecessor Augustus died in AD 14. Therefore, John’s ministry would have started around AD 29-30.
If we assume that Jesus began his own ministry shortly after John’s, then his crucifixion must have taken place around AD 30-33.
Some scholars have proposed alternative theories about when Jesus died. For example, some argue that he was crucified in AD 36 or later during Pilate’s second term as governor. Others suggest that he may have been crucified in AD 27, based on astronomical data that suggests a lunar eclipse occurred around that time.
However, these alternative theories are not widely accepted and are based on less reliable evidence than the Gospel accounts.
What We Know About Jesus’ Resurrection
The Bible states that Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion (Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-18). This event is celebrated as Easter by Christians around the world.
The exact date of Jesus’ resurrection is not explicitly stated in the Bible. However, it is generally believed to have taken place on a Sunday, which would have been the day after the Jewish Sabbath.
In conclusion, while there is some debate about the exact year of Jesus’ death and resurrection, most scholars agree that he was crucified around AD 30-33. The Bible provides us with an account of this important event, which serves as a cornerstone of Christian faith and belief.