When Did Ancient China Civilization Start and End?

Ancient China is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with a history spanning over 5,000 years. The ancient Chinese civilization was known for its rich culture, traditions, and technological advancements. In this article, we will explore when the ancient Chinese civilization started and ended.

The Beginning of Ancient China Civilization

The ancient Chinese civilization began around 2100 BCE during the Xia Dynasty. This dynasty was followed by the Shang Dynasty, which ruled from 1600 BCE to 1046 BCE. The Shang Dynasty was known for its bronze artifacts and oracle bones used for divination.

After the fall of the Shang Dynasty, the Zhou Dynasty rose to power in 1046 BCE. The Zhou Dynasty lasted for over 800 years and was divided into two periods – Western Zhou (1046 BCE – 771 BCE) and Eastern Zhou (770 BCE – 221 BCE). During this period, China saw significant advancements in technology, philosophy, and literature.

The Golden Age of Ancient China

The Golden Age of Ancient China occurred during the Tang Dynasty (618 CE – 907 CE) and Song Dynasty (960 CE – 1279 CE). This period saw significant developments in art, literature, science, and technology.

The Tang Dynasty was known for its poetry, painting, and porcelain production. It was also during this time that Buddhism became popular in China.

The Song Dynasty is considered one of the most prosperous periods in Chinese history. It was during this time that printing technology was invented using woodblocks. The Song Dynasty also saw significant advancements in agriculture with the invention of new farming tools.

The End of Ancient China Civilization

The end of ancient Chinese civilization occurred with the fall of the Ming Dynasty (1368 CE – 1644 CE). The Ming Dynasty was known for its economic prosperity and cultural achievements but it eventually declined due to corruption and rebellion.

The end of the Ming Dynasty marked the beginning of the Qing Dynasty (1644 CE – 1911 CE), which was ruled by the Manchu people. The Qing Dynasty saw significant changes in China, including the introduction of new technologies and foreign trade.


In conclusion, ancient China civilization started around 2100 BCE during the Xia Dynasty and lasted for over 5,000 years until the end of the Qing Dynasty in 1911 CE. During this time, China saw significant developments in technology, art, literature, and philosophy. The ancient Chinese civilization has left a lasting impact on the world and continues to influence modern Chinese culture.