When Did Ancient Greece End and Start?

Ancient Greece is considered to be one of the most significant civilizations in history. The Greeks are known for their contributions to philosophy, art, science, and politics.

Their influence on Western culture can still be seen today. However, determining the exact start and end of Ancient Greece is not a straightforward task.

The Beginning of Ancient Greece

The start of Ancient Greece is typically traced back to the Archaic period, which began around 800 BCE. This period saw the rise of Greek city-states, known as polis, such as Athens and Sparta. These city-states were independent entities that had their own governments and armies.

During this time, the Greeks also developed their own writing system using an alphabet derived from Phoenician script. The development of writing allowed for the recording of historical events and literary works that have survived until today.

The End of Ancient Greece

Determining when Ancient Greece ended is more challenging than identifying its beginning. Historians generally agree that the end of Ancient Greece occurred during the Hellenistic period, which began after Alexander the Great’s conquests in the 4th century BCE.

The Hellenistic period saw a blending of Greek culture with those of other conquered lands such as Egypt and Persia. Greek philosophy, art, and science continued to flourish during this time but with a more cosmopolitan flavor.

The Roman Conquest

Ancient Greece’s end was further solidified by the Roman conquests in 146 BCE when Rome conquered Corinth, one of the last remaining major Greek city-states. The Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture but also modified them to fit their own values and traditions.

The Byzantine Empire

After the fall of Rome, Greek culture continued to exist in the Byzantine Empire, which was a continuation of the Eastern Roman Empire. The Byzantine Empire lasted until 1453 CE when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, Ancient Greece began during the Archaic period around 800 BCE and ended during the Hellenistic period after Alexander the Great’s conquests in the 4th century BCE. However, Greek culture continued to live on through the Roman conquests and into the Byzantine Empire until its fall in 1453 CE.

  • Key Takeaways:
  • The start of Ancient Greece is typically traced back to the Archaic period, which began around 800 BCE.
  • The end of Ancient Greece occurred during the Hellenistic period, which began after Alexander the Great’s conquests in the 4th century BCE.
  • Greek culture continued to exist through the Roman conquests and into the Byzantine Empire until its fall in 1453 CE.