When Did Ancient Greece Fall?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that thrived between the 8th century BC and the 6th century AD. It was a period of great achievements in art, architecture, philosophy, literature, and politics.

However, like all empires, it eventually fell. But when did this happen? Let’s take a closer look at the timeline of Ancient Greece.

The Rise of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece began as a collection of small city-states around 800 BC. These city-states were independent and had their own governments and laws.

However, they shared a common language (Greek) and culture. Some of the most famous city-states were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.

Over time, some city-states became more powerful than others. Athens became the leading city-state in the 5th century BC due to its strong navy and democratic government. Sparta, on the other hand, was known for its military prowess.

The Golden Age of Ancient Greece

The 5th century BC is often referred to as the Golden Age of Ancient Greece. During this time period, there were numerous achievements in art, literature, philosophy, science, and government.

Some of the most famous figures from this era include Socrates (philosopher), Plato (philosopher), Aristotle (philosopher), Homer (poet), Sophocles (playwright), and Phidias (sculptor).

The Decline of Ancient Greece

Despite its many achievements during the Golden Age, Ancient Greece eventually declined due to a combination of internal and external factors.

One major factor was war. The Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta lasted from 431-404 BC and weakened both city-states. In addition to this conflict, Ancient Greece faced invasions from other empires such as Persia.

Another factor was political instability. City-states were constantly fighting with each other and changing their forms of government. This made it difficult to maintain a stable economy, which was largely based on trade.

The Fall of Ancient Greece

The fall of Ancient Greece is often attributed to the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. Alexander was a Macedonian king who conquered much of Greece and created a vast empire that stretched from Greece to India.

After Alexander’s death, his empire was divided among his generals. Greece became part of the Seleucid Empire, which was eventually conquered by Rome in 64 BC.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece fell due to a combination of factors including war, political instability, and external invasions. While its legacy lives on through its contributions to art, philosophy, and government, the civilization itself came to an end with the conquests of Alexander the Great and subsequent Roman rule.