When Did Jesus Appear to the Disciples in the Upper Room?

The Background

The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the cornerstone of Christianity. After rising from the dead, Jesus appeared to many people before ascending into heaven. One of these appearances was to his disciples in an upper room.

The Bible Verses

The story of Jesus appearing to his disciples in the upper room can be found in the Gospel of Luke 24:36-43 and the Gospel of John 20:19-23.

Luke 24:36-43

In this passage, it is mentioned that the disciples were gathered together and were discussing what had happened to Jesus. Suddenly, Jesus himself stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.”

The disciples were frightened and thought they were seeing a ghost. But Jesus showed them his hands and feet, proving that he was not a ghost but truly resurrected. He then ate a piece of fish in their presence to further prove that he was not just a spirit.

John 20:19-23

In John’s account, it is mentioned that the disciples were gathered together in fear behind locked doors when suddenly Jesus appeared among them and said, “Peace be with you.” He showed them his hands and side as proof of his identity. He then breathed on them, saying “Receive the Holy Spirit” and commissioned them to forgive sins.

So When Did It Happen

There is some debate among scholars regarding when exactly this appearance took place. Some believe it happened on Easter Sunday, while others argue it occurred a week later.

Those who believe it happened on Easter Sunday point out that both passages mention that it was “the first day of the week,” which is another term for Sunday. They also argue that Luke’s account comes right after the story of Jesus appearing to two disciples on the road to Emmaus, which happened on the same day.

However, those who believe it happened a week later point out that John’s account specifically mentions that it was “eight days later” when Jesus appeared in the upper room. They also argue that this would line up with the Jewish tradition of counting days inclusively, so the day of Jesus’ resurrection and appearance to Mary Magdalene would be considered day one, making the eighth day a Sunday as well.

In Conclusion

Regardless of when exactly it happened, what is important is that Jesus did indeed appear to his disciples after his resurrection. This appearance brought them hope and comfort after a time of great confusion and fear.

It also commissioning them to spread the gospel and forgive sins. This event serves as a reminder of the power and reality of Christ’s resurrection, which remains central to Christian faith today.