Ancient Greece was a civilization that thrived in the Mediterranean region, specifically in the Balkans and Aegean Sea, from the 8th century BC to the 6th century AD. During this time, Greece made significant contributions to Western civilization in areas such as philosophy, art, literature, mathematics, and science.
Early Greece (8th century BC – 6th century BC)
The period of the early Greek civilization is also known as the Archaic period (776-480 BC). During this time, Greeks developed their political systems and introduced democracy.
The first Olympic games were held in 776 BC which marked the beginning of a new era where sports became an essential part of Greek culture. This period saw significant advancement in art and architecture with many of their famous temples being built during this time.
Classical Greece (5th century BC – 4th century BC)
The Classical period of Ancient Greece is often referred to as the Golden Age. This era saw an intellectual and cultural revolution which led to significant advancements in philosophy, science, literature and art.
Famous philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle lived during this period. The Parthenon temple was also built during this time which remains one of the most iconic symbols of ancient Greek architecture.
Hellenistic Greece (4th century BC – 6th century AD)
The Hellenistic period began with Alexander the Great’s conquests of Persia and continued through his successors’ reigns until Rome conquered Greece in 146 BC. This era saw a blending of Greek culture with other cultures such as Persian and Egyptian influences which led to new forms of art and architecture.
End of Ancient Greece
The end of ancient Greece is marked by different events depending on who you ask. Some historians consider it to be the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, while others point to the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC. The Byzantine Empire continued to thrive in the region until it fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.
In conclusion, Ancient Greece was a civilization that thrived for centuries and left an indelible mark on Western civilization. From their political systems and philosophy to their art and architecture, Greece’s legacy continues to influence us today. It is fascinating to explore their rich history and learn about their many contributions to human progress.