When Did the Ancient Greek Civilization Begin and End?

The ancient Greek civilization is one of the most renowned and influential civilizations in the world. The Greeks left a lasting impact on fields such as philosophy, art, literature, science, and politics. But when did this remarkable civilization begin and end?

The Beginning of the Ancient Greek Civilization

The ancient Greek civilization is said to have begun around 800 BCE, in what is known as the Archaic period. The Greeks were divided into many city-states or “polis” such as Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes.

These city-states had their own governments, laws, and customs. During this period, the Greeks developed a system of writing using an alphabet that was based on the Phoenician alphabet.

The Golden Age

The Golden Age of Greece was during the Classical period (500-323 BCE). This was a time of great achievements in art, philosophy, literature and science. The famous philosopher Socrates lived during this time along with Plato and Aristotle who went on to become some of the most famous philosophers in history.

Artistic Achievements

Greek art is known for its beauty and realism. During this time pottery making flourished alongside sculpture and architecture. Some of the most well-known Greek sculptures include the Venus de Milo and the Winged Victory of Samothrace.

Philosophical Advances

The ancient Greeks were also known for their philosophical thoughts that continue to influence thinkers today. Socrates believed that true knowledge came from questioning everything while Plato believed in idealism – that concepts like truth or beauty were not just ideas but had existence beyond our perception.

The End of Ancient Greece

The ancient Greek civilization came to an end due to political instability along with wars with other civilizations like Rome. In 146 BCE, Greece fell under Roman rule after decades of fighting. However, the Greeks left a lasting legacy that has impacted the world for centuries.


In conclusion, the ancient Greek civilization began around 800 BCE and lasted until it was conquered by Rome in 146 BCE. During this time, the Greeks made significant contributions to fields such as philosophy, art, literature, science, and politics. Their legacy has been felt for centuries and continues to influence us today.