When it comes to Ancient Greece, the Classical period is considered to be one of the most significant periods in the country’s history. This era was marked by great strides in art, philosophy, and politics.
But when exactly did this period start? Let’s take a closer look.
The Historical Context
The Classical period in Ancient Greece is generally considered to have begun around 480 BCE. This date is significant because it marks the end of the Persian Wars and the beginning of Athens’ rise to power.
The Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between Persia and Greece that lasted from 492 BCE to 449 BCE. While Persia was ultimately defeated, these wars had a profound impact on Greek society.
The Rise of Athens
Following the Persian Wars, Athens emerged as one of the most powerful city-states in Greece. This was due in large part to its victory over Persia at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE and its leadership during the wars.
Under Pericles, Athens experienced a cultural golden age that produced some of its most iconic art and architecture. Many of these works are still celebrated today for their beauty and their influence on Western culture.
The Classical period also saw great advancements in philosophy. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle all lived during this time and their ideas continue to influence modern thought.
Socrates was known for his method of questioning everything in order to arrive at truth. Plato took this idea further with his theory of Forms, which posited that there is a perfect version of every object or concept that exists beyond our physical world.
Aristotle focused on empirical observation and logical reasoning as methods for understanding the world around us.
The Classical period had an enormous impact on Western civilization as a whole. Its art, philosophy, and political systems continue to be studied and admired today.
In conclusion, the Classical period in Ancient Greece began around 480 BCE, following the Persian Wars and Athens’ rise to power. This era was marked by great advancements in art, philosophy, and politics that continue to influence us today.