Ancient Greece is a fascinating period in history that has captured the imagination of people around the world. It is often studied by students at the Key Stage 2 level to gain a deeper understanding of this influential civilization. In this article, we will explore the time period when Ancient Greece existed and delve into its rich history.
When Was Ancient Greece?
Ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history that lasted from the archaic period (around 800 BC) to the end of antiquity (around 600 AD). This span of time covers several significant events and developments that shaped the culture, politics, and philosophy of Ancient Greece.
The Archaic Period
The Archaic Period is considered the beginning of Ancient Greece. It started around 800 BC and lasted until approximately 500 BC.
During this time, Greek city-states began to emerge, such as Athens and Sparta. The city-states were independent entities with their own governments, economies, and military forces.
One notable development during this period was the rise of democracy in Athens. It was here that citizens participated in decision-making through voting in assemblies. This democratic system laid the foundation for future political systems across the world.
The Classical Period
Following the Archaic Period, Ancient Greece entered its Classical Period around 500 BC. This era is often considered the golden age of Greek civilization. It witnessed remarkable achievements in various fields such as art, literature, philosophy, and science.
Famous thinkers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle emerged during this time and laid down the foundations for Western philosophy. The famous playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides wrote their renowned tragedies during this era as well.
The Hellenistic Period
The Hellenistic Period followed the Classical Period and began with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. It lasted until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC. This period was marked by a fusion of Greek culture with that of the conquered lands, resulting in an expansion of Greek influence across the Mediterranean.
Greek art, architecture, and philosophy spread far and wide during this time, leaving a lasting impact on subsequent civilizations. The famous mathematician Euclid and astronomer Hipparchus made significant contributions to their respective fields during this period.
Ancient Greece spanned several centuries, from around 800 BC to 600 AD. It was an era characterized by remarkable achievements in various domains and left an indelible imprint on Western civilization. From the birth of democracy to groundbreaking advancements in philosophy, literature, and science, Ancient Greece holds a prominent place in history.
Studying Ancient Greece at the Key Stage 2 level provides students with valuable insights into this influential civilization. By exploring its history and contributions, students can gain a deeper appreciation for the legacy left behind by Ancient Greece.